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Abstract: The present study describes alternative economy practices that are being developed in rural areas by individuals who live on the margins, in whole or in significant part, of the capitalist economic behavior patterns, and live according to rules and values that they have built. The observations were performed in a group of rural farmers living in the region of Alt Empordà (Girona, Catalonia) during the period 2012-2013. The aim is to evaluate alternative economic practices that are carried out in the rural areas, and in particular from the sector that is engaged in agriculture. It aims to analyze practices intensity and economic, demographic and cultural factors influencing its development. The analysis also compares data from rural areas to data from the city of Barcelona, which were analyzed in the study “Beyond the Crisis: alternative economic practices in Catalonia” (Conill et al., 2011).