Abstract: Urban Gardening and Community Based agriculture projects give several impulses to building a social and ecological society. As they build alliances between city and agriculture, activists grow vegetables locally, combining eco-friendly use of resources with new ways of working and sharing. They aim at radically shortening the food systems of provision and want to take them into their own hands, linking production and consumption in the sense of (re)productivity. Using a practice-theory approach, this paper puts Urban Gardening and CSAs in contrast to charity-oriented allotments, to systems of provision of organic production’s infrastructures and sustainable consumption. It shows the transformative potential and limits of both kinds of projects, emphasizing the specific qualities of Urban Gardening and CSA.