Shrimp farming plays an important but controversial role in the economic development of many countries in Asia because of high economic returns and often catastrophic environmental impacts of production in coastal region. Bangladesh is one of the leading shrimp producing countries in the world. Bangladesh enjoys advantages of natural setting for shrimp culture. 90% of crop land has been converted from agricultural uses into shrimp ponds in the southwest coastal region of Bangladesh. The shrimp production requires saline water as an input to a shrimp pond. Prolonged saline water logging in shrimp ponds accelerates leaching of base minerals and increase salinity and acidity of soil. Salinity and acidity of soil are responsible for creating the adverse effect on the coastal environment, damage to the traditional agriculture system and rapidly change the socio-economic scenarios in this region. This study carried out through questionnaire survey in the shrimp pond abundant areas of southwest coastal region of Bangladesh and attempts to assess the impact of land transformation from crops farm to shrimp pond. Depends upon the collected household cross-section data, electrical conductivity data, Chow test method and GPS information, this study quantify the various impacts of land transformation and making the map of study area. The major findings identified as human health, and crop ecology are badly hampered by land transformation from crops farm to shrimp pond and increase social conflict between shrimp farmers and crop farmers. The findings of this study provide robust basis for policy makers, researcher, government, stakeholder to give clue for further research and make m
This media entry was a contribution to the special session „Impacts of Land Transformation from Crop Farms to Shrimp Ponds in the Southwest Coastal Region of Bangladesh: Application of Chow Test Method“ at the 5th International Degrowth Conference in Budapest in 2016.