Conferencia de la Plenaria del Miércoles por Sylvia Marcos: “Tierra madre, tierra sagrada, tierra territorio: Visiones desde las mujeres de los pueblos”
Conferencia de la Plenaria del Martes por Susan Paulson: “Hacia sistemas étnicos y de género que apoyen la diversidad y la interconexión para la supervivencia humana.”
Research by ecological economists on degrowth is a flourishing field. Existing research has focused on limits to (green) growth and on economic alternatives for prospering without growth. Future research, we argue here, should pay more attention to, and be written, from the “margins” – that is from the point of view of those marginalized in the growth economy. We conduct a comprehensive systematic review of the prevalent themes in the existing literature on the ecological economics of degrowth, and its engagements with North-South relations and gender issues. The analysis identifies seven research areas where ecological economics can better integrate these matters, namely: the study of post-growth policies for the Global South; the unequal exchanges that sustain an imperial mode of living; the deconstruction of ecological economic concepts that reproduce problematic Western or gendered assumptions; the study of the clash of metabolisms in peripheries of the Global South; the metabolism of care-work in growth economies; the leading role of women in ecological distribution conflicts, and the reproduction of gender inequalities in alternative post-growth spaces. We propose that ecological economics should welcome more contributions from critical feminist scholarship and scholars from the Global South.
Ecological Economics, Volume 169, March 2020
Towards a postcapitalist feminist political ecology approach to commoning
El diálogo entre descrecimiento y economía solidaria revela una potencialidad creativa de cambios a nivel local y regional, actuando en la microeconomía por la vía del ecofeminismo. Tal experiencia señala la imposibilidad de que exista libertad, si los medios de producción están enganchados a cualquier forma de explotación, colonización o subordinación del otro, incluidas ahí las mujeres.
Abstract: Economic inequality reduces the political space for addressing climate change, by producing fear-based populism. Only when the safety, social status, and livelihoods of all members of society are assured will voluntary, democratic decisions be possible to reverse climate change and fairly mitigate its effects. Socio-environmental and climate justice, commoning, and decolonization are pre-conditions for participatory, responsible governance that both signals and assists the development of equitable socio-political systems. Degrowth movements, when they explicitly prioritize equity, can help to focus activism for climate justice and sustainable livelihoods.
This paper overviews the theoretical grounding for these arguments, drawing from the work of ecofeminist and Indigenous writers.
Indigenous (and also ecofeminist) praxis is grounded in activists’ leadership for commoning and resistance to extraction, the fossil fuel economy, and commodified property rights. These movements are building a politics of decolonization, respect, solidarity, and hope rather than xenophobia and despair.
Ecological Economics, Volume 160, June 2019, pp. 183-190
Abstract: A growing coalition of degrowth scholar-activist(s) seeks to transform degrowth into an interdisciplinary and international field bridging a rising network of social and environmental justice movements. We offer constructive decolonial and feminist critiques to foster their productive alliances with multiple feminisms, Indigenous, post-development and pluriversal thought and design (Escobar, 2018), and people on the ground. Our suggested pathway of decolonial transition includes re-situating degrowth relative to the global south and to Indigenous and other resistance movements. We see this decolonial degrowth as a profoundly material strategy of recovery, renewal, and resistance (resurgence) through practices of re-rooting and re-commoning. To illustrate what we mean by resurgence we draw from two examples where people are engaged in ongoing struggles to protect their territories from the impacts of rampant growth—Zapatista and allied Indigenous groups in Mexico, and three Adivasi communities in the Attappady region of southern India. They are building economies and ecologies of resurgence and simultaneous resistance to growth by deterritorialization. We argue that a decolonized degrowth must be what the growth paradigm is not, and imagine what does not yet exist: our separate and collective socio-ecological futures of sufficiency and celebration in the multiple worlds of the pluriverse. Together, the two cases demonstrate pathways to autonomy, sufficiency, and resurgence of territories and worlds, through persistence, innovation, and mobilization of traditional and new knowledges. We offer these as teachers for the transition to decolonial degrowth.
Environment and Planning E: Nature and Space, May 2019
Abstract: Degrowth calls for a profound socio-ecological transformation towards a socially just and environmentally sound society. So far, the global dimensions of such a transformation in the Global North have arguably not received the required attention. This article critically reflects on the requirements of a degrowth approach that promotes global intragenerational justice without falling into the trap of reproducing (neo-)colonial continuities. Our account of social justice is inherently tied to questions of gender justice. A postcolonial reading of feminist standpoint theory provides the theoretical framework for the discussion. In responding to two main points of criticism raised by feminist scholars from the Global South, it is argued that degrowth activism and scholarship has to reflect on its coloniality and necessarily needs to seek alliances with social movements from around the world on equal footing. Acknowledging that this task is far from easy, some cornerstones of a feminist decolonial degrowth approach are outlined.
Ecological Economics, Volume 157, March 2019, pp. 246-252
The publisher: Political ecology is a research approach that combines the disciplinary tools of ecology as well as political economy to address the relations between humans and nature, and various outcomes of social and cultural norms that determine different human communities’ access to nature. Political ecology seeks explanations and interpretations of the phenomena resulting from the human-nature interaction, such as conflicts over resources, which appreciate both the ecological processes and the political power struggles. Aspects of political ecology rooted in commons research, materialism, feminist development critiques, environmental history, post-colonial studies and science and technology studies are reflected in different chapters of this volume. As the average global warming exceeds 1°C, many of the world’s most vulnerable people’s resilience responses are already overwhelmed. The Anthropocene is upon us, bringing the catastrophic outlook to the present, not some distant future. The catastrophic outlook anchors the idea of progress in the idea of catastrophe, the fact that things just cannot go on as they are.
This book examines how the way we conceive of, or measure, the environment changes the way we interact with it. Thomas Smith posits that environmentalism and sustainable development have become increasingly post-political, characterised by abstraction, and quantification to an unprecedented extent. As such, the book argues that our ways of measuring both the environment, such as through sustainability metrics like footprints and Payments for Ecosystem Services, and society, through gross domestic product and wellbeing measures, play a constitutive and problematic role in how we conceive of ourselves in the world. Subsequently, as the quantified environmental approach drives a dualistic wedge between the human and non-human realms, in its final section the book puts forward recent developments in new materialism and feminist ethics of care as providing practical ways of re-founding sustainable development in a way that firmly acknowledges human-ecological relations. This book will be an invaluable reference for scholars and students in the fields of human geography, political ecology, and environmental sociology.
Ecofeminism as Politics is now a classic, being the first work to offer a joined-up framework for green, socialist, feminist and postcolonial thinking, showing how these have been held back by conceptual confusions over gender. Originally published in 1997, it argues that ecofeminism reaches beyond contemporary social movement ideologies and practices, by prefiguring a political synthesis of four-revolutions-in-one: ecology is feminism is socialism is postcolonial struggle. Ariel Salleh addresses discourses on class, science, the body, culture and nature, and her innovative reading of Marx converges the philosophy of internal relations with the organic materiality of everyday life.
This new edition features forewords by Indian ecofeminist Vandana Shiva and US philosopher John Clark, a new introduction, and a recent conversation between Salleh and younger scholar activists.
(Description by the publisher)
Angriffe gegen Feminismus, gleichgeschlechtliche Lebensweisen und emanzipative Familien- und Lebensmodelle, gegen Gender Studies, Gleichstellungs- und Antidiskriminierungspolitiken werden seit längerem in Zeitungen, Rundfunk- und Fernsehsendungen, Blogs, Artikeln und Büchern kontrovers verhandelt. Dies spiegelt sich auch in vielen Auseinandersetzungen im Alltag, in der Kneipe und auf Veranstaltungen wider. Mit dem Satz „Das muss frau* und mann* doch mal sagen dürfen…“ werden rassistische, sexistische und anti-egalitäre Parolen und Verunglimpfungen formuliert. Sie finden Resonanz in einem gesellschaftlichen Klima, das sich von emanzipativen Positionen und Diskursen weg nach rechts verschiebt.
Nicht allein rechts-gerichtete oder christlich-fundamentalistische Akteur*innen sind hier aktiv. Manches Argument findet auch in einer weiteren bürgerlich-konservativen Öffentlichkeit Anklang. Der Kampf um errungene Gleichstellungs- und Emanzipationsziele von Frauen, Schwulen und Lesben, für alternative Formen des Familie-Lebens, für reproduktive Rechte und sexuelle Selbstbestimmung ist daher wichtiger denn je.
Geschlechterverhältnisse und Geschlecht zu leben, bedeutet eben nicht, biologische Faktoren gesellschaftlichen Verhältnissen voranzustellen, sondern zu verstehen, dass Erziehung, Kultur, Ökonomie und Machtstrukturen sich auf Geschlechterverhältnisse und Lebensweisen strukturierend auswirken. Die gemeinsam vom Gunda-Werner-Institut in der Heinrich-Böll-Stiftung und der Rosa-Luxemburg-Stiftung herausgegebene Broschüre stellt zwölf gängigen antifeministischen Positionen Richtigstellungen gegenüber und gibt Hintergrundinformationen. Sie liefert Argumente, z.B. gegen überkommene und national-konservative Vorstellungen von Familie und der Rolle und vermeintlichen Zuständigkeiten von Frauen für Kindererziehung oder dagegen, Geflüchtete als `Gefahr von außen´ darzustellen und damit rassistische Ausgrenzungen zu legitimieren.
(Beschreibung der Herausgeber*innen)
Die Broschüre kann auf der Internetseite der Herausgeber*innen kostenlos heruntergeladen werden.
Patrick Bond, UKZN-CCS, South Africa, explains the term “Ecosocialism”, the crisis of capitalism and the way out with the ecosocialist logic.
“This blog entry is based on the assignment given to use during the Summer School on Degrowth and Environmental Justice from June 25th – July 7th 2017. Instead of looking outside for an issue to target for the assignment, we decided to use this task to look inside the Summer School and to make power asymmetries in this space visible. We came up with this topic while having coffee and cake on the busy Plaza de la Vireeina in Gracia, Barcelona. Behind us lay a highly emotional Toxic Tour through a suburb neighbourhood called Montcada. After the long day, enjoying the extra hours of summertime, we sat in the lively plaza and started talking and sharing our experiences and feelings in an informal way. We realized that if it felt important to share our emotions and how we experienced different parts of the Summer School, and decided it could be meaningful for the group as a whole to share our experiences, dialoguing with the content and debates we were having during those days.” (Excerpt from the article)
Yet another editorial where the highlight is the high number of academic publications
in degrowth. The multidisciplinary nature of these publications (technology, health,
culture, happiness, extractivism, policies, transition, power, strategies, etc) explore
the different roots, challenges and proposals of degrowth. This newsletter introduces
the Feminisms and Degrowth Alliance (FaDA), a much needed alliance in the
degrowth movement. Also, summer is approaching so we have few more interesting
summer schools to attend.