Presentation [part of the standard session “Regional Transformations”]
Embedding human lives again into the local ecosystem may help to reverse overexploitation and to foster degrowth lifestyles. To discuss transition strategies for alternative lifestyles, we analyze two niche developments in Japan: the fishery-forest movement and the self-employed forestry movement.
Presenters: Norie Tamura (Research Institute for Humanity and Nature), Hein Mallee (Research Institute for Humanity and Nature)
Technical details: Standard A3_Norie Tamura_Strategies for Transformation_ Agency and Alliances in Rural Alternative Movements in Japan.mp4, MPEG-4 video, 68.2 MB
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This book results from the 2019 ANZSEE conference, which explored appropriate approaches and techniques for re-balancing the human–nature interactions that are central to the study and practice of ecological economics — solutions now and in the future. Escalating impacts of climate change and ecological crises have created an urgency to address significant local to global environmental and social problems — degrading forests and agricultural land, polluted waterways and oceans, and dislocated social and cultural systems. A number of presenters to the conference including executives on the board of ANZSEE have contributed chapters to the book.
Gendered landscapes and binational conservation in the US-Mexico Borderlands
“Economic policy in the Anthropocene should aim to improve carrying capacity rather than zealously chase economic growth.”
In this episode, Prof. Harvey talks about the factors and conditions that enables COVID-19 to become a pandemic and the ramifications for the economy and for social life.
L’expression «économie de la nature» a surgi dans le vocabulaire des sciences au XVIIIe siècle bien avant que le néologisme «écologie» ne s’impose à nous, plus d’un siècle et demi plus tard. Chez Carl von Linné, Gilbert White ou Charles Darwin, l’économie de la nature désigne l’organisation des relations entre les espèces au vu du climat, du territoire et de leur évolution. Cette économie pense l’imbrication des espèces, y compris les êtres humains, dans un réseau d’interactions incommensurables et impondérables. Mais très vite, les physiocrates, les premiers «économistes», la dévoient pour fonder une science de l’agriculture subordonnée à de prétendues lois du marché. Un détournement dont nous pâtissons jusqu’à ce jour.
Tant que ne sera pas restitué son sens, le terme «économie» nous donnera l’impression de voir double dès lors que flanqué de celui d’«écologie». Il nous sera alors dit qu’il faut tenter de réconcilier l’une à l’autre, comme s’il s’agissait de deux champs distincts. Ce court essai s’emploie à redonner ses droits à l’économie de la nature.
Abstract: Agriculture is not only an essential nexus between society and nature but in its current industrial form also a possible threat to ecological stability. This article explores how a supplement to the conventional agrifood system alleviates the negative consequences of the industrial food production system that manifest through the metabolic rift (Marx, 1981). During fieldwork in Estonia ten semi-structured in-depth interviews were conducted to analyze the practice of Food Self-Provisioning (FSP) in (peri-)urban dachas – a Russian term for a plot of land with a seasonal allotment house, mostly used for food production.
Using McClintock’s (2010) three-dimensional framework of metabolic rift that consists of ecological, social and individual dimensions, we demonstrate how FSP not only contributes to mending all these rifts but also increases resilience on various levels. As a region-specific practice of “quiet sustainability” (Smith and Jehlička, 2013) it displays an environmentally friendly alternative to the conventional agrifood system and serves as a strong example of sufficiency and moral economy. Furthermore, by its practice it not only challenges the continuous commodification process of ‘fictitious commodities’, such as land, labor and food (Polanyi, 2001; McClintock, 2010), but it defies market logic in general. Therefore, this article proposes FSP as a viable, but largely underestimated and even stigmatized, model of alternative sustainability, already widely practiced in post-socialist Europe.
Journal of Rural Studies, Volume 68, May 2019, Pages 75-86
Ecofeminism as Politics is now a classic, being the first work to offer a joined-up framework for green, socialist, feminist and postcolonial thinking, showing how these have been held back by conceptual confusions over gender. Originally published in 1997, it argues that ecofeminism reaches beyond contemporary social movement ideologies and practices, by prefiguring a political synthesis of four-revolutions-in-one: ecology is feminism is socialism is postcolonial struggle. Ariel Salleh addresses discourses on class, science, the body, culture and nature, and her innovative reading of Marx converges the philosophy of internal relations with the organic materiality of everyday life.
This new edition features forewords by Indian ecofeminist Vandana Shiva and US philosopher John Clark, a new introduction, and a recent conversation between Salleh and younger scholar activists.
(Description by the publisher)
The publisher: A novel both timely and prophetic, Ernest Callenbach’s Ecotopia is a hopeful antidote to the environmental concerns of today, set in an ecologically sound future society. Hailed by the Los Angeles Times as the “newest name after Wells, Verne, Huxley, and Orwell,” Callenbach offers a visionary blueprint for the survival of our planet . . . and our future.
Ecotopia was founded when northern California, Oregon, and Washington seceded from the Union to create a “stable-state” ecosystem: the perfect balance between human beings and the environment. Now, twenty years later, this isolated, mysterious nation is welcoming its first officially sanctioned American visitor: New York Times-Post reporter Will Weston.
Skeptical yet curious about this green new world, Weston is determined to report his findings objectively. But from the start, he’s alternately impressed and unsettled by the laws governing Ecotopia’s earth-friendly agenda: energy-efficient “mini-cities” to eliminate urban sprawl, zero-tolerance pollution control, tree worship, ritual war games, and a woman-dominated government that has instituted such peaceful revolutions as the twenty-hour workweek and employee ownership of farms and businesses. His old beliefs challenged, his cynicism replaced by hope, Weston meets a sexually forthright Ecotopian woman and undertakes a relationship whose intensity will lead him to a critical choice between two worlds.